Ohio’s superintendent says the state won’t withhold funding to penalize schools for students opting out of standardized tests this year.
Earthflight A Nature Special Presentation
What would the world be like if you experienced it from the air?Â On Wednesday, September 4 at 8pm NATURE begins a six-part mini-series on birds.Â Each week the filmmakers will travel to a different continent of the world to soar with the birds occupying the air.Â The first episode travels with Snow geese, pelicans, and the bald eagles of North America.Â The viewer will fly over the Great Plains, the Grand Canyon, Alaska and the Golden Gate Bridge as the birds encounter and engage with bears, dolphins, bison, and spawning fish.Â Even if you’re not much of a bird watcher I highly recommend at least sampling the program, the footage is stunning!
EARTHFLIGHT producer John Downer, who started his professional life with the BBC Natural History Unit and pioneered many of the spectacular techniques now commonplace in wildlife filmmaking sat down with NATURE to answer questions about the six-part mini-series.
Q: How did you come up with the idea for EARTHFLIGHT?
A: Around 25 years ago, I made a program about bird flight called â€œIn-Flight Movieâ€ (which aired on NATURE) that experimented with many new techniques to film birds while flying. For the first time, I put cameras on birds, filmed them wingtip to wingtip from the air as well as from model gliders shaped like birds. I also pioneered the use of a model helicopter as a filming platform. In the intervening years, technology has moved so far it seemed timely to return to these techniques and develop new ones to tell a bigger story; one that allowed us to film birds as they take us to the greatest animal events on the planet.
Q: How long did it take to produce the series?
A: Four years in total
Q: You are known for your innovative approach to wildlife filmmaking. What were some new techniques that you pioneered on EARTHFLIGHT?
A: Many of the techniques built on those pioneered in â€œIn-Flight Movie,â€ but they were taken, literally, to new heights. For the first time, we were able to mount real HD cameras on condors, vultures and snow geese and see the world as they see it. We used microlights to fly with imprinted birds, filming at high-speed over some of the worldâ€™s great cities. We created a vulture cam, a model of a flying vulture, which could film from inside the flock. For the first time, we used multi-bladed drones to film massed flocks of 2 million flamingos. In fact, through the course of the series, we must have attached cameras to every conceivable flying device; from paragliders and gliders to full-sized helicopters with stabilized mounts and, of course, the birds themselves.
Q: How do you mount a camera to a bird?
A: The camera-carrying birds wore specially designed harnesses. They were created to be as comfortable as possible and not interfere with the birds in flight. All the birds were trained to become used to flying with the harness before the camera was added.
Q: How did you select which birds to film in each continent?
A: The birds were chosen for their iconic status as representatives of a continent. There were usually three main birds in an episode: one was a flock prey species, such as a snow goose or a flamingo; another was a predator, such as a bald eagle or African fish eagle; and there was often a scavenger, such as condor or vulture, too.
Q: What is the greatest challenge to filming birds?
A: They can fly away! But itâ€™s not the only challenge. In EARTHFLIGHT, we wanted to capture the experience of what it was like to be a bird. We didnâ€™t simply want to observe them from afar. Every species is different and each one creates different challenges. But some of the hardest involved making sure we were in the right place at the right time when big natural events were occurring. We soon learned that the birds themselves were the key to getting our timings right. By following flocks of flying pelicans, we were able to arrive at the exact spot where grunion fish were stranding themselves on Mexican beaches to lay eggs. And following gannets off the South African coast led us to the Great Sardine Run â€“ one of the biggest events in nature. This technique became our strategy for filming many of the events in EARTHFLIGHT.
Q: Do you lose a lot of cameras shooting in risky situations?
A: Losing cameras is also an occupational hazard, particularly those left in the firing line of the action. But equally risky is human error, having to set up cameras quickly to respond to the birds means that accidentally dropping them probably causes more damage to the cameras than that caused by water or the birds.
Q: Did you see positive signs of how humans co-exist with birds?
A: It was reassuring that the series didnâ€™t become a depiction of doom and gloom about the state of the planet. All the events we set out to film were still happening and these animal events were as spectacular as we had hoped. It surprised us to discover that snow geese were actually 3 times more numerous than they were 40 years ago and the beautiful Japanese crane had increased in numbers from a low of just 25 birds to over a thousand because of the protection the Japanese have given the birds.
Q: What do you hope EARTHFLIGHT viewers will take away from the series?
A: I hope that people will discover that birds are clever and adaptable creatures often with a complex social life not so different from our own. They have an unrivalled knowledge of the life of the planet and through their remarkable journeys they bring countries and continents together in ways that are constantly surprising.
EARTHFLIGHT: A NATURE SPECIAL PRESENTATION begins Wednesday, September 4 at 8pm with encore presentations Sunday’s at 1pm on WOSU TV and Thursday’s at 8pm on WOSU PLUS.