Holiday moods often run the gamut between joy and melancholy. And, an Ohio State University researcher says an individual’s great expectations have a bearing on whether someone smiles or frowns. College of Social Work Professor, Gilbert Greene, says the key is to identify whether stress is likely to help or hurt one’s mood.
Ohio GOP Leaders Push For Federal Balanced Budget Amendment
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Ohio leaders left the Statehouse Monday to travel west to Lima to to sign a resolution calling for a federal balanced budget amendment.
The resolution passed in Ohio, which is similar to ones passed in 19 other states, calls for Congress to come up with an amendment requiring a balanced federal budget, or to allow the states to convene a Constitutional convention.
Conservative economist Richard Vedder is a distinguished professor of economics at Ohio University in Athens, and makes the basic case for a balanced budget amendment.
â€œWe are endangering future generations,” Vedder says, “by massive deficit spending and the debt reduction proposals and the balanced budget amendment seem to be sort of a crude way of dealing with the issue, they are usually effective as state governments have shown time and time again with their own budgets.â€
While the idea of a balanced budget amendment has been popular with conservative thinkers and politicians for many years, Vedder admits his is the minority view and isnâ€™t widely embraced by economists.
A group of economists that included five Nobel Laureates signed on to a letter to President Obama and Congress in 2011, saying a balanced budget amendment was â€“ quoting here â€“ very unsound policy. Jim Thomson is the chair of the Finance Department at the University of Akron.
â€œI think the big problem with most balanced budget amendments are that they tie the hands of the federal government a little too tightly,” Thomson says.
“Deficits donâ€™t just come about because of spending fluctuations. Deficits come about often because the economy slows down.â€
Wendy Patton is an economist with the liberal think tank Policy Matters Ohio. She says federal deficits have been going down as the economy recovers, which she says is the way the system is set up to work. And she warns if thatâ€™s interrupted, there could be job losses and big cuts in programs that help communities.
â€œWe would see the federal government prioritizing expenditures on the FBI, on veteransâ€™ benefits, on things they have to spend money on. Ohio would be cost support in water treatment plants, in equipment for police officers, in schools, in research and development.â€
Patton says the government spends during a recession while consumers and business donâ€™t, and she says that keeps recessions from becoming depressions. But one economist thinks the US would be better off now if a balanced budget amendment had been in place during the last recession.
Todd Nesbit is a senior lecturer at Ohio State University and is affiliated with the Mercatus Center, a free-market think tank.
â€œEven in the short run,” Nesbit says, “I think that we would have made better decisions overall on how our elected officials were actually spending a lot of the money, doing a better job of really, truly understanding what are the opportunity costs?
“If we spend more money over here, that means we canâ€™t do this other project here. Which one is actually going to provide us the greatest benefit to our entire society on this?â€
But Nesbit cautions that while he thinks a balanced budget amendment is good in principle, it needs to be thoroughly thought out. And thatâ€™s the problem for most economists â€“ how to live with strict spending caps and plan for an uncertain future.
James Newton runs Economic Perspectives, an independent economic consulting firm in central Ohio. He takes the often heard argument â€“ that a family has to balance its budget, so the government should to â€“ and turns it around.
â€œThere are lots of families that do not, in a single year, find themselves in a position where what they spend and what they bring in in income is exactly the same. Itâ€™s a matter of is the amount of debt that you take on, is that difference between income and spending narrow enough that itâ€™s comfortable? Itâ€™s that way for a family â€“ it can just as easily be that way for a nation.â€
Ohio is the 20th state to pass a balanced budget amendment resolution. Backers need 34 states to pass it for it to move forward.