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Ohio Activists Push For Nation’s First Offshore Wind Farm
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About 80 percent of the electricity used in Ohio homes comes from coal fired power plants. One Northeast Ohio group wants to change that by installing a wind farm in Lake Erie.
If they succeed, this will be the first offshore wind farm in the nation.
When Lorry Wagner looks out over Lake Erie, he envisions six, gigantic wind turbines churning the breeze into energy seven miles offshore.
To the average person standing on the dock, when they look out they will see these small objects on the horizon, even though theyâ€™re about 465 feet tall, from the vantage point on the shore theyâ€™re going to be about the size of a dime on a clear day.
As the president of the non-profit Lake Erie Energy Development Corporation, or LEEDCo, Wagner is spearheading an effort to design, build, and operate a wind farm that could generate enough power for 8500 homes for a year.
His group already won a $4 million award from the Department of Energy to explore the first steps of the project, and theyâ€™re vying against seven groups from other states for a second wave of moneyâ€”an extra $47 million.
â€œWeâ€™re doing the preliminary engineering now, selecting the right foundation, getting our permit applications in, building public support, selling the power,â€ he says.
And the next phase is to do the final engineering, secure the permits, get the financial close, and then start building it in 2016 and then complete it in 2017.
A project of this scale involves a lot of brain powerâ€”and a lot of regulatory hurdles. LEEDCo has fifteen different groups helping them get clearance from various environmental, federal, and state agencies.
Dave Nash is one such ally. Heâ€™s a partner with the environmental law firm McMahon DeGulis in Cleveland.
â€œKey agencies are the Ohio EPA, the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, the Ohio Power Siting board, the Federal Aviation Administrationâ€”we have to make sure these turbines arenâ€™t in the flight paths for Burke Lakefront Airport or Hopkins Airport,” Nash says.
Nash says coordinating between so many agencies is a challenge, especially since none of them have experience with offshore wind farms in North America. He says they have to work together, and sometimes invent protocol.
â€œWe have to work together and sort of invent if there are gaps in the current regulations because the regulations were written at a time when no one really thought about putting wind turbines in the Great Lakes, or offshore, even in the Atlantic Ocean for that matter.â€
While Nash is busy getting regulatory approval, another LEEDCo staffer is trying to get the blessing of the Northeast Ohio community.
On a tree lined residential street in Lakewood, Eric Ritter is going door to door, asking people to sign a pledge to buy a percentage of their electricity from the future wind farm. Ritter introduces himself to one homeowner, and the project.
But the concept isnâ€™t always a quick sell. Some say turbines are an eyesore and too expensive to build. Others say solar power is a much cheaper source of renewable energy. And this homeowner is concerned what wind power will do to his electric bill.
â€œIâ€™m just not going to commit to buy until we know what kind of dollars itâ€™s going to cost per kilowatt hour,â€ the homeowner says.
But Ritter is not deterred. â€œLet me briefly explain what this is,â€ he says. â€œPublic support is really important to get this first project off the ground. And thereâ€™s a really powerful way you can help, and thatâ€™s to sign this. And itâ€™s called the power pledge.â€
Ritter and his team of ten have been canvassing Cuyahoga, Lake, Lorain, and Ashtabula counties. He says their efforts are paying offâ€”more than half the people they talk to are willing to listen, and 3500 people have already signed on.
The fact that 60 percent of people say that theyâ€™re willing to pay a little bit more to get their electricity from this project, and that thatâ€™s consistent no matter who the canvasser is and no matter what community that they go to, thatâ€™s a really powerful message to send to investors, to electricity marketers.
Demonstrating public support is only a small part of what will make LEEDCoâ€™s wind farm enticing to the Department of Energy. The feds want to fund projects that can generate offshore wind energy at a lower cost. In February, only three groups will be awarded the additional money to actually build and install the turbines.
Back on the shore of Lake Erie, Lorry Wagner says if LEEDCo wins the next round of money, the project could boost employment for the region.
â€œWeâ€™ll have about 500 jobs in building it and this is engineering, banking, legal, permitting, biology, you name it, as well as construction. And about 10 percent of those jobs will ultimately be permanent.â€
Wagner says LEEDCo is counting on some investment from their partner companies to help finance the project.
And if they donâ€™t win, he says they still want to develop a wind industry for the region.