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Ohio’s Ongoing Foreclosure Problem
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Each month, sales reports say the housing market is recovering in Ohio and in the rest of the country. But Ohio still had more than 90,000 foreclosures last year.
A recent fair-lending conference in Cleveland sought to identify the reasons for the ongoing foreclosure problem.
The National Mortgage Settlement alone was worth $25 billion. In March of 2012, 49 states signed on to the deal with mortgage servicers who had admitted to massive “robo-signing” of loan documents and other abuses. The settlement was supposed to be an expedient way for some 1 million people to keep their homes.
But Paul Bellamy likens it and other programs to “foaming the runway, again and again and again.â€
As in, preparing for a major crash and trying to keep things from blowing up.
Bellamy directs research for a group called Empowering and Strengthening Ohioâ€™s People, an advocacy group involved in foreclosure prevention statewide. Itâ€™s one of the groups watching closely to see if the promises of the settlement are kept.
California originally was a hold-out in the mortgage settlement. And Bellamyâ€™s research says that state made out disproportionately well as a result. His numbers acknowledge that the settlement has benefit ted nearly 10,000 Ohioans. But his math says another 12,000 homeowners should have gotten a cut.
In California, his charts show the lines going pretty much the opposite direction.
â€œThe attorney general in California held out, said ‘Iâ€™m not going to play with you other 48 guys unless you let me have my own deal,’” Bellamy says. “She was savvy and she got more money.â€
But Bellamy says thereâ€™s another factor: The value of homes in Calliforia make them more attractive to bail out than the value of homes in Cleveland and around Ohio.
â€œItâ€™s easier for them to get the credits doing the bigger homes.â€
Ohio isnâ€™t the only one complaining â€“ and not just about the division of the money among the states.
New York announced in May that itâ€™s asking for more enforcement against two of the lenders. It says theyâ€™re violating the agreement â€“ especially standards that say when and how banks are supposed to contact homeowners who have asked for loan modifications.
Elizabeth Lynch is an attorney with a firm that offers free legal services in New York City. Sheâ€™s advocating going even further.
â€œAll of these programs have been failures I believe because theyâ€™re relying upon the government to enforce it,” Lynch says. “So I do think…finding reforms and creating a private right of action so homeowners can sue not just for the monetary damages, but for the emotional damage of being abused by these servicers for years is really important.â€
But Jennifer Mildred of the Ohio Attorney Generalâ€™s office says, for now, Ohio is not joining New York.
â€œThatâ€™s not because we donâ€™t know that there are problems, because we were already working with the monitor and the servicers to address these problems before New York made its statements public. However that doesnâ€™t mean we will not bring our own in the future. At this time, we would just like to give the enforcement process a chance to work.â€
Even within the housing advocacy community, there are differences of opinion about how the settlement money should be spent. Some want to see more of it directed to tear down vacant properties. Others say the focus must be on keeping people in their homes.
Charles Bromley of the Ohio Fair Lending Coalition dismisses the split.
â€œObviously if you keep somebody in their house, thatâ€™s going to stop a demolition or a vacant property so should be always the gold standard. (But) we do know that there are some owners who just canâ€™t deal with a mortgage so maybe itâ€™s better they move on and become a renter,” Bromley says.
Bromley says what Ohio and other states need is quicker action by lenders under the settlement and by other federal programs such as the Home Affordable Modification Program.
â€œThe reality is there should be funds available. HAMP has billions of unspent dollars, Treasury could redirect that to Ohio to get some real benefit to both demolition and housing counseling.â€
Cuyahoga County has about 30 of those counselors â€“ and 10,000 foreclosures.