The federal government recommends demolishing over 200 buildings at the site of a former Cold War-era uranium plant in southern Ohio.
Activists Hope To Raze Vacant Homes With Foreclosure Fund
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A fund set up to help people facing foreclosure is being eyed by others whoâ€™ve been working on the housing crisis who want to use it for something else.
In 2009, the federal government set aside $8 billion to help with the foreclosure crisis in 18 troubled states. Ohioâ€™s share of the so-called Hardest Hit Fund was $570 million — the largest award of any Midwestern state, and a sign of how bad the crisis has been in Ohio.
Bill Faith leads the Coalition on Homelessness and Housing in Ohio, and says the fund has done great work in three years.
â€œIt helped more than 10,000 homeowners stay in their homes, and only one-half percent have lost their homes. I mean, Iâ€™ve never seen a program where you only have a half percent failure rate,” Faith says.
Faith says the fund been slow to get started, so thereâ€™s still about $375 million in it. And Faith he says thatâ€™s allowed advocates on another critical issue in the crisis to set their sights on it.
That other issue: the demolition of thousands of homes that are some of the very visible casualties of the crisis.
When Jim Rokakis was the Cuyahoga County Treasurer, he was one of the first officials to warn of the coming foreclosure crisis. Rokakis is now the vice President of the Western Reserve Land Conservancy, and has been appealing to officials at the state and federal level to make money available.
â€œThe only way you get ahead of this problem is by aggressively moving after these vacant structures. If you donâ€™t, the structures that are not vacant in those neighborhoods will become vacant.
Thatâ€™s not even a â€˜maybeâ€™ â€“ thatâ€™s a â€˜for sureâ€™. Why would you live in a neighborhood where every other house is vacant? You wouldnâ€™t. Youâ€™d leave.
$75 million came in from to the state the nationwide settlement with mortgage lenders to help with demolition, but Rokakis says abandoned homes are a billion dollar problem in Ohio.
Rokakis is getting support from Republican US Sen. Rob Portman, whoâ€™s proposed a bill that would allow money from the Hardest Hit Fund to be put toward demolition, and sets no limit on how much could be taken from it.
That scares Bill Faith, who says with more than 70,000 new foreclosures in Ohio each year, the crisis isnâ€™t over yet.
Donâ€™t go rob Peter to pay Paul. Does it really make sense to add to the demolition load by not preventing preventable foreclosures and adding more stock to those that may fall into vacant and abandoned properties?
Rokakis says heâ€™s never asked for all the money in the Hardest Hit Fund, but in a time of government austerity, he says funds for demolition need to be found quickly to slow down the foreclosure crisis that Faith is warning about.
â€œIf we donâ€™t deal with these distressed properties, there are parts of Cleveland and Dayton and Toledo and Youngstown that will end up looking like Detroit,” Rokakis says.
If Sen Portmanâ€™s bill doesnâ€™t move, it may be up to Gov. John Kasich to decide if the money in the Hardest Hit Fund can be diverted from assistance to delinquent homeowners to tearing down abandoned properties, and if so, how much.
Michigan just ordered $100 million of its fund to demolition. Ohioâ€™s other US Senator, Democrat Sherrod brown, has stepped in, asking Kasich to move only up to a quarter of the remaining Hardest Hit Funds toward demolishing vacant homes.