95 percent of ancient Ohio was forested. But centuries ago there were also small regions of prairie. Tall grasses and wildflowers were part of the prairie ecology and so were bison. Researchers near Columbus are trying to reestablish a prairie / bison ecosystem.
Cities Cash In On Leasing Land For Drilling
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A buzzing lawnmower is churning crispy autumn leaves into mulch on the 34 acre grounds of Wick Park, one of the largest city parks in Youngstown. Residents use this sprawling landscape of oak trees, swing sets, and walking trails almost year around.
Environmental activist Susie Beiersdorfer says she and other concerned residents have been lobbying Youngstown officials for months to ensure the city doesnâ€™t lease the mineral rights beneath this parkâ€”or any other city owned lot for that matterâ€”to a company to drill for natural gas.
Beiersdorfer: â€œItâ€™s about people being educated about the threat to the air, the threat to the water, the increased truck traffic, noise pollution, air pollution, this heavy industrial process coming into the urban area.â€
To be clear, Youngstown officials say the parks will remain a drilling free zone, but it is likely that the city will lease other plots of land. Earlier this month, city council granted the city authority to seek leasing offers from companies interested in drilling in the area.
City Council President Tito Brown says private landowners in Youngstown have been signing leases for months and, given state funding cuts, cities should be able to seize the opportunity to bring in revenue.
Brown: â€œWe started thinking maybe thereâ€™s potential for the city to take that money and have it benefit the city residents and deal with some of our issues that we need to deal with from our economic shortfalls.â€
Youngstown is just one of a growing list of municipalities considering leasing property for oil and gas drilling. In Carroll Countyâ€”the heart of Ohioâ€™s Utica Shale drilling activityâ€”county commissioners have raked in over $3 million dollars in lease payments. In Trumbull County, the city of Warren brought in $300,000 from leasing 150 acres of a golf course last year. And just east of Youngstown, the city of Campbell is also cashing in on their vacant property.
A block up from the Campbell Municipal Building, ringing bells at Christ the Good Shepherd Parish sing homage to the era when Campbell was known as the city of churches. Once a bustling town of 16,000, many of those churches are now boarded up and the population has been cut in half since two major manufacturers shuttered in 2002.
Campbell has been in fiscal emergency for ten years, but City Administrator Jack Dill says he hopes the areaâ€™s fortunes will improve now that theyâ€™ve leased 161 acres to oil and gas company Hilcorp. The city expects to receive a signing bonus of $800,000 next month.
Dill: â€œWe couldnâ€™t even pave a road for a long period of time. Now with this amount of money coming in, that is going to be definitely put aside for infrastructure priorities, as far as putting in a new waterline, paving throughout the community, which is in desperate need.â€œ
Dill says the city didnâ€™t spend too much time deliberating, deciding itâ€™s best to get what you can while the marketâ€™s hot. He says heâ€™s heard thereâ€™s already a drop-off in the amount of money oil and gas companies are offering per acre.
Dill: â€œIf you snooze, you lose. I mean you have to be on top of it. Itâ€™s running so rapid and so fast, you have to be prepared, and you have to go after it.â€
In Youngstown, Mayor Chuck Sammarone says its time his city starts cashing in like its neighbors. Rampant unemployment and blighted neighborhoods have pushed people out of town and he wants to apply any leasing revenue toward demolishing vacant homes around the city.
Sammarone: â€œWeâ€™re trying to get people to stay, or move back into the city, to strengthen our population so we can strengthen our tax base. Well, until we clean up the neighborhoods, thatâ€™s not going to happen.â€
Sammarone says heâ€™s heard the protests from residents who are worried about the environmental risks of drilling, especially after a series of earthquakes shook the area last year, but he says the potential windfall could help make Youngstown a more desirable place to live.
Sammarone: â€œWhen I go around to some of these bad neighborhoods where thereâ€™s a number of nice people, nice homes, but having to live in an area where a number of the homes arenâ€™t nice, theyâ€™re vacant. You know what they tell me? Weâ€™ll put up with earthquakes, clean up our neighborhood.â€
Sammarone says he doesnâ€™t plan to move as fast as the city of Campbell did, but he doesnâ€™t want to miss out on any opportunity either. The city will go through a bidding process and solicit offers from different companies over the next six months before making any decisions.