Swamps and Such

Swamps and Such is a series of video learning modules explaining the structure and functions of ecosystems and how ecosystems change over time. Geared to students in grades 7 to 10, the series details how wetlands serve as nature’s kidneys and nature’s supermarket.

It was developed in collaboration with The Ohio State University Olentangy River Wetlands and Research Park in Columbus, and was videotaped entirely at the Olentangy Wetlands.

Videos in This Series

What is a Wetland?

Swamps, Marshes, Ocean inlets…All of these are wetlands, which have standing water and are not deep

Wetland Water

Hydro periods are a fingerprint on how wetlands receive their water: from river overflows, rain, or runoff. To understand a particular wetland, scientists must understand where the water comes from, and to figure out if a wetland is OPEN or CLOSED.

Wetland Soil

Soil in wetlands lack oxygen, making the soil appear darker. Because of the lack of oxygen, plant matter doesn’t break down as fast.

Wetland Shape and Climate

Different types of plants grow in wetlands according to the shape of the wetland, shoreline (slopes – steep and shallow), as well as climate and soil ph

Wetland Habitat

Wetlands are home to healthy bacteria, insects, fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals, and birds

Wetland Insects

A healthy wetland will have ample insects, and won’t be a breeding ground for mosquitoes

Wetland Productivity

Wetlands produce four grams of carbon per square meter per day, or 15,000 pounds of plant material a year – twice that of a forest.

Wetland Sediments

Soil particles flow into a wetland, can be stirred up, or can sink to the bottom

Plant Communities in Wetlands

Plants with roots in the water can grow up through the water, or can grow as algae, which can break off and float to the surface

Phosphorus in Wetlands

Phosphorus is essential in wetlands, but too much is dangerous